26 Kasım 2016 Cumartesi

Byzantine Empire History And Map

Map Of Byzantine Empire

Byzantine Empire is actually one of the underestimated civilization of the world in my opinion. First of all, Byzantine name is an artificial name that is referring to the ancient Byzantium, the greek city of antique ages. Roman Empire is splitted by Theodosios and Eastern Roman Empire overlived the Western sister.

While the Western Roman Empire was occupied, damaged and looted by the barbarians from the north, Eastern Roman Empire was climbing up the hills of the summit. The long run adventure of Eastern Roman Empire was just beginning in the 5th century and lasted for more than a thousand years.

Map Of Byzantine Empire Greatest Borders

Benefits Of Examining The Historic Maps

To comprehend the growth and expansion of an empire, you should check the historical maps very carefully. So when you check through the google search engine as "Rise of the Byzantine Empire" you may come across to great maps that depicts the great expansion of Byzantines to the west and south in the 6th century.

The rise of Byzantine Empire reached to its peak by the time of renowned emperor Justinianus. Accomplished Justinianus created a prosperous capital, Constantinople and added great value to the fame of Byzantine Empire. His intelligent wife Theodora also has some share in this great success. One of their masterwork was building the Church of Holy Wisdom, Hagia Sophia.

Emperor Justinian And Empress Theodora

Byzantine Or Byzantium?

I am actually a little bit of confused how to call the Eastern Roman Empire. Some sources mention the empire as Byzantine, some define it as Byzantium. Infact the Byzantium term is used for Istanbul's first name, when it had been a Greek city-state just like Athens or Sparta. Istanbul had three names in the history; Byzantium (Greek), Constantinople (Roman) and Istanbul (Turkish). So to call the Empire as Byzantium does not make any sense, we should continue to define it as Byzantine Empire which is a very pretty name.

Byzantine Military

Fall Of Byzantine Empire

The fall of Byzantine Empire very interesting subject. The historians must have called it as the longest decline of the world. I mean empires are generally founded, lived and broken apart in several hundreds of years. However the Byzantine Empire's decline lasted for nearly 500 years. When Turks came and conquered the heartland of the Byzantine Empire, Anatolia (Asia Minor), it was 1071.

The famous Battle of Manzikert took place at the easternmost fringes of the Byzantine Empire between the Alp Arslan and Romanos IV Diogenes. Seljuks won the battle due to their extremely mobile cavalry. The cavalry circled the routed Byzantine legions and slaughtered them. The Byzantine army which had been fighting on the fields from the 395 A.D. (official foundation year) had never been humiliated like this. Some fought to death, some left the battlefield, but they could not save themselves from reaped by the Seljuk light cavalry.

So I personally consider this disaster as the beginning of long and steady decline of Byzantine Empire. It lasted exactly from 1071 to 1453.

Constantinople the Capital

Fall Of Constantinople

The fall of Constantinople, the capital and last castle of the Byzantine Empire, of course the very end of the story. However in between these two tragedies, there is also Latin invasion of Constantinople, which is also horrible occurrence in the history. The crusaders unfortunately did plundered and looted dear Constantinople. The most beautiful, advanced and ornamented city.

Map Of Byzantine Empire

Byzantine Empire of course has a long history as I am calling your attention to it from the very beginning of the post. To absorb the history of  long existence and to grasp the deepness of this diverse cultural inheritance, I recommend you to take a look at this great article: Byzantine Empire Map And Facts By reading this great article and examining the maps it provides, you may improve the foundation of your history knowledge much better.

Furhter Recommended Reading from the blog: Historic Battles Of The World.

Serhat Engül

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